BUSHIDO, traditional values and code of conduct that emphasize is mentioned.
However, this is not the only one in the Japanese warrior class.
Noble and noble way of life of the samurai, throughout the ages and the border,
is hitting all of the human mind.
The Bushido, such as "The Bible" and "Koran", does not mean there is a special book that is written as doctrine. Originally have been cultured spontaneously in Japanese culture, it is the " law / 掟 " of unwritten rules.
The book " Bushido / 武士道 ", written by Inazo NITOBE / 新渡戸 稲造, what was by systematically cover the spirit of the samurai originated in the world. He had introduced the seven virtues that the samurai should have been respected among the " Bushido ".
( followig are quoted some from " Bushido / Inazo NITOBE " )
1, " Righteousness / 義 " Correct judgment or justice / 正義
" Road that must always be kept as a human " In other words, it is justice.
The strongest rule in the belief of the samurai. He hated most of all anything dishonest.
Back transactions and fraud is one in which Bushido abhor most.
" Virtuous action is a straight and narrow path. Man ought to take it to regain the lost paradise. "
In times when cheating and lies were seen so much, this manly virture, open and honest, was a jewel without parallel. Sometimes it was used to pretend to be right. It could have been the tool of cowards. But Bushido had a keen and correct sense of courage - the spirit of daring and how one conducts himself in all situations.
2, " Courage / 勇 " The spirit of daring and bearing
" Courage " was also one of the virtues necessary to the samurai.
Samurai, it is an image to go in a hurry toward the enemy without fear.
However, reckless challenge and impulsive behavior, has been a contempt rather.
" True courage is to live when it is right to live and to die only when it is right to die. "
To be daring means to be bold. One's bearing is how you conduct yourself in all situations. Courage was not considered to be a virture unless it was for Righteousness. Courage meant doing what is right. Courage, just not to boldly act, and should be the action that is backed by justice.
3, " Kindness / 仁 " The feeling of mental pain
" Kindness influences anything which is in its way, just as water overcomes fire.
The feeling of distress is the root of kindness,
so a good man is always mindful of people who are suffering and in distress. "
Kindness to the weak, the oppressed or the defeated was a virture which was becoming to a samurai.
" Mercy of the samurai / 武士の情け ", or " The tenderness of the warrior ", it does not mean a blind impulse.
It is intended that contains the appropriate consideration to justice of those who have the power of life-and-death power in the background. The bravest people are the most tender and loving people are daring people.
Love, giving freely (money, time, etc.), the feeling of tenderness for another person, sympathy and pity have always been recognized as the highest virtues of the human soul. These are the virtues worthy of a leader. The highest requirement of a leader of men is to be kind and good. If the leader is kind, the people will love what is right. A leader must win the hearts of the people.
4, " Politeness / 礼 "
" In its highest from politeness is close to love.
Politeness is patient, kind, does not envy, does not praise itself,
is not proud, behaves correctly and does not allow evil. "
Politeness, resulting from the humility and charity, and those that do things by the friendly feelings for others, it appears as always graceful sensitivity. Its sensitivity, appears to trivial behavior of everyday life.
Politeness gives grace to manners. But its function does not stop there. Suitable behavior comes from goodness and is put into action by tender feelings toward other people - a graceful expression of sympathy. The conditions necessary to Politeness, crying along with the people who are crying, it is to rejoice with the people who are in joy.
5, " Sincerity / 誠 " Honesty and sincerity
" Without honesty and sincerity, politeness is nothing.
Doing the right thing beyond the proper bounds becomes a lie.
Sincerity is the beginning and the end of all things. "
For samurai, that cheat and to lie, was the disdain with those cowardly. The samurai social status was higher than the merchants and farmers, a higher level of Sincerity was required. To lie for warrior was that it was considered to be a sign of " Weakness " rather than sin. And, the fact that the weak was that very disgraceful for a samurai. If other words, samurai there is no " sincerity " is a disgraceful samurai, it is say that the samurai warrior that he has " sincerity " is honor.